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The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states as of January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, known as the "Confederacy" or the "South".
Both the Union and Confederate armies, navies and United States Marine Corp issued hats to both officers and enlisted men and were essentially the same in appearance. The main difference would be the gray color for the CSA and blue for the US Army. Insignia, braid, etc. separate the enlisted and officer ranks.